Last modified on July 29, 2020
The National Economic Council (NEC)
The National Economic and Development Authority traces its beginnings to the creation of its forerunner, the NEC, under Commonwealth Act No. 2 that was approved by the National Assembly on 23 December 1935. The NEC’s principal mandate was to advise the national government on the formulation and adoption of a State economic program based on the policy of national independence. The Finance Secretary at that time was appointed the acting Chairman. In 1943, during the Second World War, while the country was under Japanese occupation, a National Planning Board was created under Executive Order No. 1, but this was replaced by the Economic Planning Board created under EO No. 46 of 1944, tasked to recommend measures for the economic development.
After the war, in response to the recommendation of the Government Reorganization Committee, the NEC was reconstituted in 1947 under the Executive Order No. 94 of 1947, to serve as the government’s center of national economic planning. However, a period of inactivity followed when NEC personnel were detailed to the Philippine Council for United States Aid (PHILCUSA), which was organized in 1950 as part of the Quirino-Foster Agreement on the United States assistance for the Philippine development.
A new National Economic Council was created under EO 119 of 1955, pursuant to RA997 of 1954, thereby replace the old NEC, even as the PHILCUSA was abolished under the same EO 119. The new NEC now included an Office of National Planning, Office of Foreign Aid Coordination, and the Office of Statistical Coordination and Standards. In 1960 under RA2699, the membership of the NEC was increased. In 1962, the Program Implement Agency, headed by a Director-General of Cabinet rank, was created under EO 17 to implement the government’s socioeconomic program and to undertake economic planning as well.
Pursuant to RA 5435 of 1968, which authorized the Office of the President of the Philippines to reorganize the executive department and the different government agencies, the Integrated Reorganization Plan of March 1972, was submitted to Congress. It provided for the creation of a National Economic Development Authority. This was realized the following year with the issuance of Presidential Decree No. 107 dated 24 January 1973, creating the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). With the creation of the NEDA, the functions of various socioeconomic bodies created by past administrations were now integrated under once government agency.
In 1987, the NEDA was reorganized under EO 230.
The National Historical Commission on the Philippines affirms NEDA’s founding date on December 23, 1935.
- Coordination of activities such as the formulation of policies, plans, and programs to efficiently set the broad parameters for national and sub-national (area-wide, regional, and local development);
- Review, evaluation, and monitoring of infrastructure projects identified under the Comprehensive and Integrated Infrastructure Program consistent with the government’s thrust of increasing investment spending for the growing demand on quality infrastructure facilities; and
- Undertaking of short-term policy reviews to provide critical analyses of development issues and policy alternatives to decision-makers.
NEDA envisions a country where public and private sectors perform their respective roles efficiently, such that people have equal access to opportunities, resulting in inclusive development and zero poverty.
NEDA’s mission is to formulate continuing, coordinated, and fully-integrated socioeconomic policies, plans, and programs to enable and empower every Filipino to enjoy a matatag, maginhawa, at panatag na buhay.
NEDA’s core values are Integrity, Professionalism, and Excellence.
Bilang kasapi ng pamilya ng NEDA at ng bansang ito,
Kami ay nangangakong ipagtanggol ang Saligang Batas
At ang mga simulain ng bansang nabubuklod sa pagkakaisa.
Tungkulin namin ang bumalangkas ng mga planong pangkaunlaran
At tiyakin ang pagpapatupad ng mga ito
Ay makatutugon sa mga layunin ng pambansang kaunlaran.
Sa pagtupad ng tungkuling iniatang sa amin,
Kami ay gagabayan ng mga alituntunin
Ng pribadong pagkukusa at pagsasalin ng kapangyarihan
Upang makamit ang pakikipagtulungan ng higit na marami sa proseso ng pag-unlad.
Sa patnubay ng aming pananalig sa Diyos at ang inspiradong liderato
Ang aming magiging tatak bilang isang institusyon sa pagpapaunlad
Ay itatatag sa pagkakaisa
At sa katapatan, propesyonalismo, at kahusayan
Ng bawat isang tauhan.
Kami ay walang ikukubli sa aming gagawin
At patuloy na susunod
Sa pinakamataas na antas ng tuntunin
Ng paglilingkod sa bayan
Sapagkat ang amin ay isang mapagkalingang tanggapan
Laging handang tumulong sa pangangailangan ng bawat kasapi
Habang nagsisikap para sa pangkalahatang kagalingan.
As members of the NEDA family and of this nation,
We are committed to uphold the Constitution
And the ideals of a nation united.
Ours is the task to formulate development plans
And ensure that plan implementation
Achieves the goals of national development.
In the performance of our mandate,
We shall be guided by the principles
Of private initiative and devolution of powers
That greater people participation in the
Development process may be achieved.
Guided by our faith in God and an inspired leadership,
Our hallmarks as a development institution
Shall be founded on unity and solidarity
And on the integrity, professionalism and
Excellence of each and every staff.
We shall be transparent in all our actions
And continue to adhere to the highest
Tenets of public ethics.
For ours is a caring agency responsive
To the needs of every member,
While working for the welfare of all.